SMART Sustainable marine and road transport - hydrogen in Iceland
SMART H2 is a demonstration project testing hydrogen fuelled vehicles and vessels. The project will test various types of hydrogen-fuelled company cars and other equipment that runs on hydrogen, including a hydrogen auxiliary power unit for a tour ship. Amongst the car users is the car rental Hertz, so anybody can hire a hydrogen car today.
The project also aims to demonstrate the infrastructure for compressed hydrogen as a self service filling station and develop further the distribution system, for example by organizing and running a small-scale hydrogen transport service. Special emphasis will be put on data collection, that actually extends to other types of fuel and vehicles that are also tested during the same timen period. SMART-H2 began in March 2007 and will extend until 2010. The SMART-H2 will get data feed from methane vehicles, battery -plug in cars, hydrogen vehicles with internal combustion engines and battery hybrids.
The Elding, our main whale watching boat, is using an Auxiliary Power Unit, i.e. a fuel cell and battery unit that runs on hydrogen. The APU will provide electricity on board for navigation, light and various other modules that run on electricity. The intention is to shut down the main engine when the boat has met with whales out on sea and offer the guests to see and hear the animals move and blow at the surface and to allow an ever closer encounter with the curious animals. A filling device will therefore be designed on the peer where the Elding picks up the whale watching passengers. The main engine will still run on oil but this test is a very important step to test hydrogen technology in marine conditions, which are damp, shaky, wavy and wet. A showroom explaining the main concept will be installed in the hull of the ship.
The technological investment and infrastructure in SMART-H2 is entirely funded through VistOrka and the project partners, for example the Icelandic energy companies. Research on the other hand will seek funding from various sources and therefore could grow considerably depending on funding and suggested subjects. The research is cooperation between Icelandic New Energy, who sees to the project coordination and the
The hydrogen station at Grjothals has been announced open to the public after 6 years of safe operation. It is Shell in
Currently there are more than 20 organizations participating in the project, local and international. The main parties involved are providers of materials and technology (cars, other vehicle providers, fuel cell provider, storage tanks, classification and inspection companies, operators and maintenance staff of the hydrogen station, companies that lease vehicles, administrators and regulators).
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